Gum Disease

What Is Gum Disease?

Gum disease begins when a film called plaque accumulates on the teeth and
calcium from saliva hardens the plaque this calcified plaque is called
tartar or calculus. Certain types of germs that live in this plaque and
calculus damage gum tissue. Your body tries to fight this infection with an
inflammatory attack, sending white blood cells to the area to destroy the
bacteria. This inflammation causes the tissue to bleed easily when you brush
or floss. This stage of the condition is called gingivitis. 

If the infection and inflammation persist the result is a chronic
inflammatory condition where, in addition to the gums, ligament and bone
around the teeth are destroyed often with no symptoms. At this stage, it is
called periodontitis.


Signs/Symptoms of Moderate-Advanced Gum Disease Include:

  • Gums that are red, swollen, and bleed easily
  • Gums that seem to have pulled away from the teeth